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The authors dispute a recent New York Times' article assertion that the reason for physician shortage is related to the female gender.
The ACGME called for this restriction in 2003 and the number of hours trainees worked decreased dramatically. This focus on work force hours came out of the concern that tired, overworked physicians in training made mistakes and that with restrictions in hours and mandated rest time, patient care would improve. This change did not target women physicians or certain specialties; it was mandated across the board.