71% of employers expect moderate to significant cost increases to health care benefits over the next three years

Survey finds employers planning a multitude of measures to deal with the increases

When it comes to health care costs, 71% of employers said they expect moderate to significant increases over the next three years, according to a survey from global advisory firm WTW. Employers expect costs to jump 6% next year compared to the 5% most are experiencing this year, with 54% expecting their health care costs this year to exceed their budgets.

Most (67%) employers plan to prioritize controlling rising health care benefit costs using a multitude of strategies, including implementing programs or switching vendors (52%) or shifting costs to employees (24%) through higher premium contributions.

“With no end in sight to projected cost increases, the need to manage health care costs and address employee affordability has never been greater,” said Courtney Stubblefield, Insights & Solutions leader, Health & Benefits, WTW, in a statement. “Yet, with so many potential actions, employers must focus on changes that go beyond addressing their employees’ needs to also support efforts to attract and retain talent during a tight labor market.

Here are the actions employers plan to take to manage costs, according to the survey.

  • Increasing health plan budget: Two in 10 employers added dollars to their health care plan without reallocating funds from other benefits or pay. Another 30% expect to do so in the next two years.
  • Defined contributions: Four in 10 employers (41%) reported using a defined contribution strategy with a fixed dollar amount provided to all employees that differs by employee tier. Another 11% are planning or considering doing so in the next two years.
  • Evaluate employee contributions by income: The number of employers that examine employee health payroll contributions as a percent of total compensation or income as the basis for benefit design decisions is expected to more than double from 13% this year to 32% in the next two years.
  • Contribution banding: More than a quarter (28%) structured payroll contributions to reduce costs for targeted groups, such as low-wage employees, or by job class. Another 13% are planning or considering doing so in the next two years.
  • Low-deductible plan: Three out of 10 (32%) offered a plan with low member cost sharing (e.g., no more than a $500 deductible for a single preferred provider organization plan) this year; another 7% are planning or considering doing so in the next two years.
  • Fraud, waste and abuse: A quarter of respondents (27%) used programs to combat fraud, waste and abuse. Another 22% expect to do so by 2024.
  • Out-of-pocket costs: Nearly a quarter (23%) implemented higher out-of-pocket costs for use of less efficient services or site of service, such as use of non-preferred labs, high-cost facilities for imaging or mandated centers of excellence. Another 19% are planning or considering doing so by 2024.
  • Concierge navigation: Two in 10 (21%) offered concierge navigation even if it requires movement from a full-service health plan to a third-party administrator. Another 25% are planning or considering doing so by 2024.
  • Voluntary benefits: Over a third of respondents (35%) added or enhanced voluntary benefits and vendor solutions in case of a catastrophic event. Another 27% are planning or considering doing so by 2024.

“Employers that act now to predict, plan and implement solutions and strategies that balance employee affordability objectives with escalating prices can avoid having to take desperate measures in a rising health care cost environment,” said Tim Stawicki, chief actuary, Health & Benefits, WTW, in a statement. “Without question, employers face difficult challenges in the next few years. And with limited budgets, the challenge of making decisions that consider health care affordability and engagement is exponentially greater.”

A total of 455 U.S. employers with a combined 8.2 million workers participated in the WTW survey, which was conducted in August 2022.