If you're just waiting for someone to buy you out at retirement, you will get virtually nothing for your practice. A real buyout plan requires 10, 20, or even 30 years worth of group contributions.
As an attorney and consultant to thousands of physicians across the country, we are constantly astounded by the attitudes of physicians regarding the sale of their medical practice. Most often today, we hear the complaint that doctors do not feel their can sell their practice for any significant value. They generally do not feel the practice is “worth anything,” especially if they do not have younger partners to buy them out.
Even in medical practices that are larger, and have a significant number of younger physicians, most doctors maintain the same complaint. While they may typically have a right to couple of months of payments from accounts receivable (AR) after they retire, this is a pittance compared to the value they have brought to the practice over the years. We would agree with them in this assessment—a few months of AR certainly does not compensate a physicians for 20+ years of building a practice and its reputation.
So what can you do about it? Unfortunately, the most common advice physicians seem to get from their advisors is some version of “grin and bear it.” We all know, advisors say, there is no White Knight that is going to come in and buy your practice for a seven figure sum, especially if you may be retiring that year or in the near future. In fact, we’ve seen very few physicians who have built a solid plan for a lucrative buy-out based on their existing advisors’ help.
In this article, we hope to do a couple of things. The first is to give you hope that there are ways to in essence “sell” your practice for millions of dollars, if you plan and prepare for retirement. Second is to give you a couple of brief, quick ideas of how such a sale could occur.
Let’s look at a couple of key issues that may allow you to sell the practice for millions when you retire. Remember that these techniques and others may work best for group practices and solo practices as well.
1. You Must Plan and Plan Early
“Common sense” advice—that neither an outside party like a management company nor insiders such as younger doctors will suddenly cut you a seven figure check as you are about to retire—is absolutely correct. If your buy-out plan is to simply go about your practice as a physician and see patients, with no forethought business-wise about how you will sell your practice when you retire, you will get virtually nothing for your practice. On the other hand, if at the outset of your practice, 10, 20, or even 30 years before you retire, you begin funding a buy-out vehicle for your practice upon retirement, and you do this properly, you are almost assured of getting a multi-million dollar check upon retirement.
While we will see a couple of alternative techniques below, the key point is simple—buyouts of a medical practice need to be planned, they need to be funded over time, and they need the commitment of the physician many years prior to the “sale.” In this way, the best thing you can do to insure that you will receive millions upon your retirement for your practice, is to focus on this issue today, and implement a plan as soon as practicable.
2. Use A Non-Traditional Retirement Plan to Fund the Buyout
Traditional retirement plans are likely the only ones you have heard of, qualified plans such as pensions, profit-sharing plans, 401(k)s, 403(b)s, and, for these purposes, SEP-IRAs and Keoghs. What are non-traditional plans? These are less well-known to physicians and may be called non-qualified deferred compensation plans or split-dollar plans. We have addressed these specific plans in past articles.
As an example here, let’s consider non-qualified deferred compensation plans. These plans are relatively unknown to physicians even though most Fortune 1000 companies make them available to their executives. While many of these plans in public companies involve company stock or stock options (which, of course, do not work in a medical practice environment), many use structures that a physician certainly could easily employ in a practice.
Because they are not “qualified,” these plans can be offered only to a few employees — such as the physicians, or only partner physicians. Most importantly for this discussion, there are many ways this type of plan can create a large buy-out fund for retiring physicians, including:
A. Require each physician to put a certain dollar amount or income percentage into the plan. The plan’s funds then grow over a period of years and, as each older physician retires, they have a right to a certain percentage of the plan assets. Of course, this would be in addition to their qualified plan (ie, pension) as well.
B. There could be vesting requirements built into the plan, so if physicians leave the practice they may/may not lose their benefits in the plan, allowing remaining doctors to benefit from their share.
C. While the alternatives are numerous, just by implementing a plan using A. and B., a medical practice could create a multi-million dollar buy-out fund over a 5 to 10 year period.
3. Use a Captive Insurance Company to Fund the Buyout
Captive Insurance Companies (CICs) for medical practices are typically implemented for their risk management, tax, and asset protection benefits. As described in other articles, certain small CICs can enjoy beneficial tax treatment (made even better by a 2004 law signed by President Bush), allowing the physician owners an opportunity to build tax-favored wealth, as opposed to giving profits up to insurance companies. In addition to these benefits, the CIC can be an ideal source of buy-out funds for retiring physicians.
In many cases, a CIC will have significant reserves left to invest and build each year it is in existence. Over 10-20 years, the CIC could accumulate very large amounts. If a buy-out formula is layered into the stock agreements of the CIC, this can be another source of buy-out funds for doctors when they retire from the practice as well.
These are just two of a number of techniques physicians can employ to “sell” their practice lucratively when they retire. As above, the key is planning. There are no outside buyers of practices willing to pay you millions for your practice anymore. If you want such a buy-out, you must plan for it yourself. The authors welcome your questions. You can contact them at (800) 554-7233 or through their website, www.ojmgroup.com
David Mandell is an attorney, lecturer, and author of five books for physicians. Jason O’Dell is a financial consultant, lecturer and author of two books for physicians. They are both principals of the financial consulting firm O’Dell Jarvis Mandell LLC.